Learning our Deen (Islam)

September 19, 2007

who wrote the treaty of Hudaibiyah?

Filed under: General — Um Abdullah M. @ 6:57 pm

 Writer of the Treaty of Hudaibiya

Sahih Muslim
Book 019, Number 4403:
It has been narrated on the authority of Bara’ who said: When the Prophet (may peace be upon him) was checked from going to the Ka’ba, the people of Mecca made peace with him’on the condition that he would (be allowed to) enter Mecca (next year) and stay there for three days, that he would not enter (the city) except with swords in their sheaths and arms encased in their covers, that he would not take eway with him anyone from its dwellers, nor would he prevent anyone from those with him to stay on in Mecca (if he so desired). He said to ‘Ali: Write down the terms settled between us. (So ‘Ali wrote): In the name of Allah, most Gracious and most Merciful. This is what Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah, has settled (with the Meccans), The polytheists said to him: If we knew that thou art the Messenger of of Allah, we would follow you. But write: Muhammad b. ‘Abdullah. So he told ‘Ali to strike out these words. ‘Ali said: No, by Allah, I will not strike them out. The Messenger of Allah (may Peace be upon him) said: Show me their place (on the parchment). So he (‘Ali) showed him their place and he (the Holy Prophet) struck them out; and he wrote: Ibn ‘Abdullah.(According to the terms of the treaty, next year) the Holy Prophet (may peace be upon him) stayed there for three days When it was the third day, they said to ‘Ali: This is the last day according to the terms of your companion. So tell him to leave. ‘Ali informed the Prophet (may peace be upon him) accordingly. He said: Yes, and left (the city). Ibn Janab in his version of the tradition used:” we would swear allegiance to you” instead of” we would follow you”.

The underlined bold part, they say that “he” in (and he wrote: Ibn ‘Abdullah) is the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.

Now I will try to show in short simple points how this is not evidence that the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam wrote (Ibn Abdullah) and that “he” in (he wrote) would be Ali radiyallahu anhu and not the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam.

1_ In this same narration (underlined and italisized), the Prophet sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam asked Ali (radiyallahu anhu) to point out where he wrote “the messenger of Allah” so he could erase it, now if the Prophet sallallahu alayhi wa sallam knew how to write he would have been able to find the words himself, especially when only about 2 lines were written, but him asking Ali to point it out to him to erase it, shows that he didn’t know how to read.

2_ The word “kataba” means “wrote”, but can also mean “he ordered to write”, like when someone says “The king built this city”, meaning ordered for the city to be built, not that he built it with his own hands.
there are hadiths which say that the Prophet “kataba”, and in another narration of the same story or incident, it mentions him ordering someone to write, which explains that “kataba” in first narration means “he ordered someone to write”.

3_ There are other narrations that explain this narration, here are ones in sahih Bukhari and Muslim, of same incident:

Sahih al Bukhari
Volume 3, Book 50, Number 891:
Narrated Al-Miswar bin Makhrama and Marwan

(………This is a lengthy narration, so I only posted the part we are talking about ……..)

When Suhail bin Amr came, the Prophet said, “Now the matter has become easy.” Suhail said to the Prophet “Please conclude a peace treaty with us.” So, the Prophet called the clerk and said to him, “Write: By the Name of Allah, the most Beneficent, the most Merciful.” Suhail said, “As for ‘Beneficent,’ by Allah, I do not know what it means. So write: By Your Name O Allah, as you used to write previously.” The Muslims said, “By Allah, we will not write except: By the Name of Allah, the most Beneficent, the most Merciful.” The Prophet said, “Write: By Your Name O Allah.” Then he dictated, “This is the peace treaty which Muhammad, Allah’s Apostle has concluded.” Suhail said, “By Allah, if we knew that you are Allah’s Apostle we would not prevent you from visiting the Kaba, and would not fight with you. So, write: “Muhammad bin Abdullah.” The Prophet said, “By Allah! I am Apostle of Allah even if you people do not believe me. Write (uktub) : Muhammad bin Abdullah.”
…..
http://www.usc.edu/dept/MSA/fundamen…i/050.sbt.html

In Sahih Muslim
Book 019, Number 4404:
It has been narrated on the authority of Anas that the Quraish made peace with the Prophet (may peace be upon him). Among them was Suhail b. Amr. The Prophet (may peace be upon him) said to ‘Ali: Write” In the name of Allah, most Gracious and most Merciful.” Suhail said: As for” Bismillah,” we do not know what is meant by” Bismillah-ir-Rahman-ir-Rahim” (In the name of Allah most Gracious and most Merciful). But write what we understand, i. e. Bi ismika allahumma (in thy name. O Allah). Then, the Prophet (may peace be upon him) said: Write:” From Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah.” They said: If we knew that thou welt the Messenger of Allah, we would follow you. Therefore, write your name and the name of your father. So the Holy Prophet (may peace be upon him) said: Write ” From Muhammad b. ‘Abdullah.”

So these narrations explain the first one, showing that “kataba” in that narration is refering to Ali radiyallahu anhu or that it means “he ordered to write”.

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2 Comments »

  1. Salam,

    The word kataba does not only refer to physical writing. When Allah used another variant; kutiba, it means “it was prescribed”.

    So, basically the word kataba does not have to do with physical writing per sé, it can be construed as “he ordained” or “he prescribed”.

    Allah Knows Best.

    Comment by Takumi — September 29, 2007 @ 12:32 pm

  2. Jazak’Allah for this … serves as an excellent refutation of christian missionary writings …

    Comment by Terrorist — June 22, 2010 @ 7:44 pm


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